Roofers install and remove roofs
on buildings and other structures to make them waterproof and weatherproof.
They may also waterproof or damp-proof walls and other building surfaces.
Roofers may also use materials such
as: composition shingles, tile, slate, EPDM (ethylene, propylene, diene,
PVC (polyvinyl chloride systems),
butyl rubber, PIB (polyisobutylene), CPE (chlorosulfonated polyethylene),
ECB (ethylene-copolymerbitumen and anthracite dusts), modified bitumens.
Roofers prepared some roofing materials by cutting roofing paper, shingles,
or sheet to size and by punching, perforating, or shaping shingles, sheets,
slate, or flashing. They align roofing material with the edge of
the roof and overlap successive layers, fastening them with asphalt cement
To install composition roofs, the
Roofer places overlapping strips of asphalt or impregnated felt on the
roof, and applies coats of coal tar pitch or asphalt, to the surface.
To waterproof, the Roofer removes
rough projections and roughs glazed surfaces, using hammer and chisel and
applies waterproofing solution.
Tools used by Roofers include hammers,
roofing knives, pincers, and caulking guns. Modern equipment has
lessened the physical exertion formerly required.
Work is done outdoors in all kinds
of weather except when conditions are very severe. The Roofer does
a great deal of climbing, kneeling, standing, and walking in high places.
They must be alert to the danger of falling.
Reap the rewards:
Roofers, who complete apprenticeship,
earn top wages as full journeyman. Benefits include Health insurance, vacation,
pension, and annuity funds. As an apprentice you will be able to earn a
good living while you learn the skills needed to become a fully qualified
journeyman. Upon completion of the apprenticeship program you will have
the skills to ensure a lifelong career, and the ability to work in locations
anywhere in the United States.
Interest and Temperament:
A Roofer should have no fear of
height, a good sense of balance, and a better-than-average sense of safety
for himself and his co-workers. They should enjoy working with their
hands and accept working outdoors, sometimes under unpleasant working conditions.
Recommended High School Courses:
General math, algebra, geometry,
trigonometry, general science, physics, mechanical drawing
Terms of Apprenticeship:
4 years on-the-job training
related classroom instruction
examination required at conclusion of apprenticeship
Applicants must be willing to learn
and work hard. You must be physically able to handle the job and willing
to work at heights, as well as, all kinds of weather. Working safely is
a top priority for Roofers and you must take pride in doing a quality job.
legal working age
high school education or equivalent
good moral character
good physical condition
Admission Requirements of the
qualification on aptitude test administered by the PA Employment Service
or the Local JAC
payment of initial fees